By Hussaini Ibrahim Sulaiman
Experts have recently examined the activities of women who were displaced by the lingering Boko Haram insurgency in the Northeast and concluded that they are plunged into more horrifying, terrible and ugly situation.
Though they are more dedicated than men in indulging into a holistic engagement in formidable mechanisms to earn fruitful sources of living, yet they are faced with ugly predicaments which militate against realization of their dreams.
Who are the Boko Haram? Boko Haram is a fanatical insurgency group that fights every ideology of the West.
Its destructive activities of lives and properties are mostly evident in the Northern Nigeria. Its spread and reign have increased the height of insecurity in the country, especially in its Northeastern part.
In recent time, only a total number of 2,193 were recorded in Adamawa and Borno States, displaced between June 21 and 27, as it was gathered by the International Organization for Migration’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DMT), issued by HumAngle.
It is a conflict that killed more than 350,000 people, nine per cent are children and over 60 per cent are women, while over 2.3 million misplaced.
Across the world, with limited resources and in spite of threats from their own communities, women are active in peace marches and reconciliation efforts across conflict lines.
Portraying and treating them solely as victims not only undermines their efforts and robs them of the opportunity to progress, but it also excludes a vast and untapped resource in terms of peacemaking and post-conflict recovery and transformation solution.
In Nigeria, certain index-records have indicated that several hundreds of women in Northeast were marked by war crimes, including rape and other sexual violence as well as brutality and mass pillage.
Amnesty international unveil that after conducted a thorough investigation on the brutality against women in Northeast, during violent raids, Boko Haram’s fighters, killed a huge number of women and targeted them with sexual violence, torture and enslave.
The role of women in the context of peace-building could not go awry.
Despite they are the core victims, but they are also fighters. Women are exceedingly survivors and they are protectors.
The contribution of women in negotiation a peace talk was a long common point highlighted by the participants of the round table. Women as a weakened human being, naturally, can also be considered as a major accomplice and engines, architects of peace in providing or sustaining peace and in quenching the numbers of terror acts.
This is because from any angle of part of the world, scholars believe that women have the powerful strength, contributions in conflict resolution.
For example, in Afghanistan, women have been instrumental in providing health and education to a generation of children under the Taliban rule and in refugee camps.
A’isha Wakili, simply identified as Mama Boko Haram has given a serious priority attention to bring an end of the battle.
As, she, several time without numbers, negotiated a rescue of a large number of students abducted by the factional group of Boko Haram.
And her efforts often pay off, as she succeeded in peace deal, which ultimately lead to the releasing of over 110 students kidnapped from the Government Girls’ Science and Technology College Dapchi (GGSTC), in 2018 when the factional group of Abu Mus’ab Albarnawi, stormed the school, in Yobe State.
Despite deploying troops and other security agencies hopefully enable their return, the missing school girls were not found.
They remained in Boko Haram’s captivity a month until the arrival of extraordinary woman, A’isha Wakil, who escaped them by just a little dialogue via a phone call with the leadership sect.
Wakil was engaged in so many committees on dialogue and peaceful resolution of security challenges in Northeast during the administration of former president, Dr. Goodluck Jonathan.
What might shock your soul is that Wakil is not even native or indigene of Borno State. She is from South-East, precisely, Enugu State.
She further involved in a peace deal which negotiation that brought the army and commanders of the sect together.
She earned the name of Mama Boko Haram by helping members of the sect when they were kids.
In Nigeria, things are different. Despite all this commitment given, unfortunately in 2016 Nigerian Army declared her wanted.
In no time and without any doubt, Wakil arrived at the defense headquarters in Abuja.
However, she was released without any further notice.
The wrongful allegation anyway dented her image and that of her colleague, with same priority, which might solely discourage them and to undermine their efforts from interacting into such activities.
Hence, we must believe that internal conflict could not be sustained only by military hierarchy but also by the women intervention.
Consequently, women have a significant, meaningful role to play in conflict resolution.
Most of them remained in such situation, they have been tagged with so many unpleasant reactions, including the use of female suicide bombers, has increased the violence against women.
Since 2011, when Boko Haram learned that using women to reach out targets, brutal attacks, they increased their temper on kidnapping women and girls, as in February 2018, over 468 women and girls were deployed or arrested in 240 suicide attacks.
Sulaiman is a student of Aminu Kano College of Islamic and Legal Studies, Kano, from the Department of English.